Author: Lu YH1, Rosner B1, Chang G1, Fishman LM1
1The Rockefeller University, New York, New York (Dr Lu); Brigham and Women's Hospital, Cambridge, Massachusetts (Dr Rosner); New York University, New York (Dr Chang); and Columbia University, New York, New York (Dr Fishman).
Conference/Journal: Top Geriatr Rehabil.
Date published: 2016 Apr
Other: Volume ID: 32 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 81-87 , Word Count: 140
OBJECTIVE: Assess the effectiveness of selected yoga postures in raising bone mineral density (BMD).
METHODS: Ten-year study of 741 Internet-recruited volunteers comparing preyoga BMD changes with postyoga BMD changes.
OUTCOME MEASURES: Dual-energy x-ray absorptiometric scans. Optional radiographs of hips and spine and bone quality study (7 Tesla).
RESULTS: Bone mineral density improved in spine, hips, and femur of the 227 moderately and fully compliant patients. Monthly gain in BMD was significant in spine (0.0029 g/cm2, P = .005) and femur (0.00022 g/cm2, P = .053), but in 1 cohort, although mean gain in hip BMD was 50%, large individual differences raised the confidence interval and the gain was not significant for total hip (0.000357 g/cm2). No yoga-related serious injuries were imaged or reported. Bone quality appeared qualitatively improved in yoga practitioners.
CONCLUSION: Yoga appears to raise BMD in the spine and the femur safely.
KEYWORDS: osteoporosis; yoga
PMID: 27226695 [PubMed]