Traditional Chinese Exercise for Cardiovascular Diseases: Systematic Review and Meta‐Analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials

Author: Xue‐Qiang Wang, PhD1,3,†; Yan‐Ling Pi, MD4,†; Pei‐Jie Chen, PhD*,1; Yu Liu, PhD2; Ru Wang, PhD2; Xin Li, MSc1; Bing‐Lin Chen, MSc1; Yi Zhu, PhD5; Yu‐Jie Yang, MSc6; Zhan‐Bin Niu, MSc2
1Department of Sport Rehabilitation, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China 2Key Laboratory of Exercise and Health Sciences of Ministry of Education, Shanghai University of Sport, Shanghai, China 3Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai Shangti Orthopaedic Hospital, Shanghai, China 4Department of Rehabilitation Medicine, Shanghai Punan Hospital, Shanghai, China 5Rehabilitation Therapy Center, Hainan Province Nongken General Hospital, Haikou, China 6Second School of Clinical Medical, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, China
Conference/Journal: journal of the american heart association
Date published: 2016
Other: Word Count: 144

Background Traditional Chinese exercise (TCE) has widespread use for the prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease; however, there appears to be no consensus about the benefits of TCE for patients with cardiovascular disease. The objective of this systematic review was to determine the effects of TCE for patients with cardiovascular disease. Methods and Results Relevant studies were searched by PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, the Cochrane Library, the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, and the China National Knowledge Infrastructure. We covered only published articles with randomized controlled trials. The outcome measures included physiological outcomes, biochemical outcomes, physical function, quality of life, and depression. A total of 35 articles with 2249 cardiovascular disease patients satisfied the inclusion criteria. The pooling revealed that TCE could decrease systolic blood pressure by 9.12 mm Hg (95% CI −16.38 to −1.86, P=0.01) and diastolic blood pressure by 5.12 mm Hg (95% CI −7.71 to −2.52, P<0.001). Patients performing TCE also found benefits compared with those in the control group in terms of triglyceride (standardized mean difference −0.33, 95% CI −0.56 to −0.09, P=0.006), 6‐minute walk test (mean difference 59.58 m, 95% CI −153.13 to 269.93, P=0.03), Minnesota Living With Heart Failure Questionnaire results (mean difference −17.08, 95% CI −23.74 to −10.41, P<0.001), 36‐Item Short Form physical function scale (mean difference 0.82, 95% CI 0.32–1.33, P=0.001), and Profile of Mood States depression scale (mean difference −3.02, 95% CI −3.50 to −2.53, P<0.001). Conclusions This study demonstrated that TCE can effectively improve physiological outcomes, biochemical outcomes, physical function, quality of life, and depression among patients with cardiovascular disease. More high‐quality randomized controlled trials on this topic are warranted. Key Words: cardiovascular disease exercise meta‐analysis rehabilitation