Whole-Body Vibration Intensities in Chronic Stroke: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author: Liao LR1, Ng GY, Jones AY, Huang MZ, Pang MY.
11Department of Physiotherapy, Guangdong Provincial Work Injury Rehabilitation Hospital, Guangzhou, China; 2Department of Rehabilitation Sciences, Hong Kong Polytechnic University, Hong Kong, China; 3School of Allied Health Sciences, Griffith University, Gold Coast, Australia.
Conference/Journal: Med Sci Sports Exerc.
Date published: 2016 Feb 26
Other: Word Count: 268

PURPOSE: A single-blinded, randomized controlled study was conducted to investigate the effects of different whole-body vibration (WBV) intensities on body functions/structures, activity, and participation in individuals with stroke.

METHODS: Eighty-four individuals with chronic stroke (mean age: 61.2 years, SD: 9.2) with mild to moderate motor impairment (Chedoke-McMaster Stroke Assessment lower limb motor score: median = 9 out of 14, interquartile range = 7-11.8) were randomly assigned to a low-intensity WBV, high-intensity WBV, or control group. The former 2 groups performed various leg exercises while receiving low-intensity and high-intensity WBV, respectively. Controls performed the same exercises without WBV. All individuals received 30 training sessions over an average period of 75.5 days (SD = 5.2). Outcome measurements included knee muscle strength (isokinetic dynamometry), knee and ankle joint spasticity (Modified Ashworth Scale), balance (Mini Balance Evaluation Systems Test, Mini-BESTest), mobility (Timed-Up-and-Go test, TUG), walking endurance (6-Minute Walk Test, 6MWT), balance self-efficacy (Activities-specific Balance Confidence scale, ABC), participation in daily activities (Frenchay Activity Index), perceived environmental barriers to societal participation (Craig Hospital Inventory of Environmental Factors), and quality of life (Short-Form 12 Health Survey, SF-12). Assessments were performed at baseline and post-intervention.

RESULTS: Intention-to-treat analysis revealed a significant time effect for muscle strength, TUG, distance, and oxygen consumption rate achieved during 6MWT, Mini-BESTest, ABC, and SF-12 physical composite score domain (P < 0.05). However, the time by group interaction was not significant for any of the outcome measures (P > 0.05).

CONCLUSION: Addition of the 30-session WBV paradigm to the leg exercise protocol was no more effective in enhancing body functions/structures, activity, and participation than leg exercises alone, chronic stroke patients with mild to moderate motor impairments.

PMID: 26918558 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]