Influence of Whole-Body Vibration Training Without Visual Feedback on Balance and Lower-Extremity Muscle Strength of the Elderly: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author: Tseng SY, Lai CL, Chang KL, Hsu PS, Lee MC, Wang CH
1From the Institute of Medicine (S-YT, M-CL) and School of Physical Therapy (C-HW), Chung Shan Medical University; Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation (S-YT, C-LL, K-LC) and Department of Family Medicine (P-SH, M-CL), Taichung Hospital, Ministry of Health and Welfare; Central Taiwan University of Science and Technology (C-LL); and Room of Physical Therapy, Chung Shan Medical University Hospital (C-HW), Taichung, Taiwan.
Conference/Journal: Medicine (Baltimore).
Date published: 2016 Feb
Other: Volume ID: 95 , Issue ID: 5 , Pages: e2709 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/MD.0000000000002709. , Word Count: 260

The purpose of this study was to investigate the influence of whole-body vibration (WBV) training without visual feedback on balance and lower-extremity muscle strength in the elderly.Elderly subjects who did not exercise regularly participated in this study. Subjects were randomly divided into a WBV with eyes open group, a visual feedback-deprived plus WBV (VFDWBV) group, and a control group (0 Hz, eyes open). WBV training was provided over a 3-month period, 3 times per week for 5 min each session. Balance performance was measured with the limits of stability test, and muscle strength was measured with an isokinetic dynamometer.A total of 45 elderly subjects with an average age of 69.22 ± 3.97 years, divided into a WBV group (n = 14), a VFDWBV group (n = 17), and a control group (n = 14), completed the trial. Statistically significant differences were found in the balance performance of the 3 groups at different time points (time × group interaction: F = 13.213, P < 0.001), and the VFDWBV group had more improvement in balance than the WBV and control groups. The strength of the knee extensor and flexor muscles had time × group interactions: F = 29.604, P < 0.001 and F = 4.684, P = 0.015, respectively; the VFDWBV group had more improvement on lower-extremity muscle strength than the WBV and control groups. The 6-month follow-up showed that the rates of hospital visits for medical services due to falls were 0% in the WBV group (0/14), 0% in the VFDWBV group (0/17), and 28.57% in the control group (4/14).Results showed that WBV training at 20 Hz without visual feedback can significantly improve the balance performance and lower-extremity muscle strength of the elderly.

PMID: 26844514 [PubMed - in process] Free full text