[The Theory and Practice of Health Cultivation Qigong Exercise in Traditional Chinese Medicine].

Author: Chang MY1.
1PhD, RN, Associate Professor, Master of Community Empowerment, Graduate School of Humanities and Social Sciences, Dharma Drum Institute of Liberal Arts, Taiwan, ROC. meiying@dila.edu.tw.
Conference/Journal: Hu Li Za Zhi.
Date published: 2015 Dec
Other: Volume ID: 62 , Issue ID: 6 , Pages: 13-9 , Special Notes: [Article in Chinese] doi: 10.6224/JN62.6.13 , Word Count: 316

The health cultivation qigong exercise in traditional Chinese medicine refers to a traditional, integrated method of illness prevention and body strengthening, which promotes the functions of qi and the blood, smooths the meridians (energy channels), and balances the viscera and bowels through the regulation of the mind, the breathing, and the body. The concept of using qi to cultivate human life is part of the health cultivation practices of ancient Chinese codes and of Chinese medicine. This concept includes the principles, methods, essences, and clinical applications of the practice. In addition, traditional health cultivation references the concepts of yinyang, viscera and bowels, qi and blood, meridians, and essential energy spirit theory in order to explain the human biological phenomena, the theoretical and practical perspectives of qigong, and the basis of the treatment principle. The health cultivation qigong exercise of Chinese medicine utilizes the concept of the "unity of nature and human beings" in traditional Chinese thinking in its practice, which emphasizes the conformity to nature and seasons. In order to fully leverage the benefits from the purpose of health cultivation in qigong practice, the priority is to understand the health cultivation mechanism, the essentials/matters, and the precautions of qigong practices. Recently, the evidence regarding both the biological and the psychological benefits of qigong practices have been demonstrated in numbers of research articles. In particular, qigong is currently considered to be one of the best mild exercises that is suited to all age groups. Professional nurses are suggested to include the health cultivation qigong exercise as part of activities that target health improvement and illness prevention. Due to the diversity in qigong as practiced by different health cultivation qigong exercise sects, it is essential to accumulate more clinical evidence by conducting greater numbers of rigorous studies that may be referenced in evidence-based nursing practices.
Qigong; cultivation; exercise; unity of nature and human beings; yinyang
PMID: 26645440