Protocol: The Effect of 12 Weeks of Tai Chi Practice on Anxiety in Healthy but Stressed People Compared to Exercise and Wait-list Comparison Groups: A Randomized Controlled Trial.

Author: Zheng S1, Lal S2, Meier P2, Sibbritt D3, Zaslawski C2.
1School of Medical and Molecular Biosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia. Electronic address: 2School of Medical and Molecular Biosciences, Faculty of Science, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia. 3Faculty of Health, University of Technology, Sydney, Australia.
Conference/Journal: J Acupunct Meridian Stud.
Date published: 2014 Jun
Other: Volume ID: 7 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 159-165 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.jams.2014.01.003 , Word Count: 231

Stress is a major problem in today's fast-paced society and can lead to serious psychosomatic complications. The ancient Chinese mind-body exercise of Tai Chi may provide an alternative and self-sustaining option to pharmaceutical medication for stressed individuals to improve their coping mechanisms. The protocol of this study is designed to evaluate whether Tai Chi practice is equivalent to standard exercise and whether the Tai Chi group is superior to a wait-list control group in improving stress coping levels. This study is a 6-week, three-arm, parallel, randomized, clinical trial designed to evaluate Tai Chi practice against standard exercise and a Tai Chi group against a nonactive control group over a period of 6 weeks with a 6-week follow-up. A total of 72 healthy adult participants (aged 18-60 years) who are either Tai Chi naïve or have not practiced Tai Chi in the past 12 months will be randomized into a Tai Chi group (n = 24), an exercise group (n = 24) or a wait-list group (n = 24). The primary outcome measure will be the State Trait Anxiety Inventory with secondary outcome measures being the Perceived Stress Scale 14, heart rate variability, blood pressure, Short Form 36 and a visual analog scale. The protocol is reported using the appropriate Standard Protocol Items: Recommendations for Interventional Trials (SPIRIT) items.
Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier B.V.
Tai Chi; anxiety; clinical trial; mental health; mind–body exercise; psychological stress; randomized control trial

PMID: 24929461