Specific Mindfulness Skills Differentially Predict Creative Performance.

Author: Baas M1, Nevicka B2, Ten Velden FS2.
1University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands m.baas@uva.nl. 2University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands.
Conference/Journal: Pers Soc Psychol Bull.
Date published: 2014 May 232
Other: Pages: 0146167214535813 , Word Count: 157

Past work has linked mindfulness to improved emotion regulation, interpersonal skills, and basic cognitive abilities, but is unclear about the relation between mindfulness and creativity. Studies examining effects of mindfulness on factors pertinent to creativity suggest a uniform and positive relation, whereas work on specific mindfulness skills suggests that mindfulness skills may differentially predict creativity. To test whether the relation between mindfulness and creativity is positive and uniform (the uniform hypothesis) or differentially depends on particular components of mindfulness (the differential hypothesis), we conducted four studies in which mindfulness skills were measured, extensively trained, or manipulated with a short, incidental meditation session. Results supported a differential relation between mindfulness and creativity: Only the ability to observe and attend to various stimuli consistently and positively predicted creativity. Results regarding other mindfulness skills were less consistent. Implications for theory and practice are discussed.
© 2014 by the Society for Personality and Social Psychology, Inc.
creativity; flexibility; meditation; mindfulness

PMID: 24857851