Effect of a whole-body vibration (WBV) training modifying the training frequency of workouts per week in active adults.

Author: Martínez-Pardo E1, Romero-Arenas S, Martínez-Ruiz E, Rubio-Arias JA, Alcaraz PE.
11Research Center for High Performance Sport - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, España 2Departamento de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte, Facultad de Ciencias de la Actividad Física y del Deporte - UCAM, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, España 3Chair of Sports Traumatology, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universidad Católica San Antonio de Murcia, España.
Conference/Journal: J Strength Cond Res.
Date published: 2014 May 14
Other: Word Count: 230

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effects of whole-body vibration (WBV) by varying the training frequency (2 or 3 sessions·wk) on the development of strength and power, body composition and mechanical power. Forty-one subjects (32 men and 9 women) recreationally active subjects (21.4 ± 3.0 years old; 172.6 ± 10.9 cm; 70.9 ± 12.3 kg) took part in the study divided in two experimental groups (G2 = 2 sessions·wk, G3 = 3 sessions·wk) and a control group (CG). The frequency of vibration (50 Hz), amplitude (4 mm), time of work (60 s) and time of rest (60 s) were constant for G2 and G3 groups. Maximum isokinetic strength, body composition and performance in vertical jumps were evaluated at the beginning and the end of the training cycle. A statistically significant increase of isokinetic strength was observed in G2 and G3 at angular velocities of 60°· s, 180°· s and 270°· s. Total fat-free mass was statistically significantly increased in G2 (0.9 ± 1.0 kg) and G3 (1.5 ± 0.7 kg). In addition, statistically significant differences between G3 and CG (1.04 ± 1.7%) (p = 0.05) were found. There were no statistically significant changes in the total fat mass, fat percentage, bone mineral content and bone mineral density in any of the groups. Both vibration training schedules produced statistically significant improvements in isokinetic strength. The vibration magnitude of the study presented an adaptation stimulus for muscle hypertrophy. The vibration training used in this study may be valid for athletes to develop both strength and hypertrophy of the lower limbs.
PMID: 24832971