[Protein conformational dynamics of crambin in crystal, solution and in the trajectories of molecular dynamics simulations].

Author: [No authors listed]
Conference/Journal: Biofizika
Date published: 2013 Jul-Aug
Other: Volume ID: 58 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 599-617 , Special Notes: [Article in Russian] , Word Count: 308

Atomic displacement parameters--B factors of the eight crambin crystal structures obtained at 0.54-1.5 angstroms resolution and temperatures of 100-293K have been analyzed. The comparable contributions to the B factor values are the intramolecular motions which are modeled by the harmonic vibration calculations and derived from the molecular dynamics simulation (MD) as well as rigid body changes in the position of a protein molecule as a whole. In solution for the average NMR structure of crambin the amplitudes of the backbone atomic fluctuations of the most residues of the segments with the regular backbone conformations are close to the amplitudes of the small scale harmonic vibrations. For the same residues the probability of the medium scale fluctuations fixed by the hydrogen exchange method is very low. The restricted conformational mobility of those segments is coupled with the depressed amplitudes of the fluctuation changes of the tertiary structure registered by the residue accessibility changes in an ensemble of NMR structures that forms the average NMR structure of crambin. The amplitudes of temperature fluctuations of backbone atoms and the tertiary structure raise in the segment with the irregular conformations, turn and loops. In the same segments the amplitudes of the calculated harmonic vibrations also increase, but to a lesser extent and especially in the interhelical loop with the most strong and complicated fluctuation changes of the backbone conformation. In solution for the NMR structure in this loop the conformational transitions occur between the conformational substates separated by the energy barriers, but they are not observed even in the long 100 ns trajectories from the MD simulation of crambin. These strong local fluctuation changes of the structure may play a key role in the protein functioning and modern performance improvements in the MD simulation techniques are oriented to increase the probability of protein appearance in the trajectories from the MD simulations.
PMID: 24455881