Comparison of higher order spectra in heart rate signals during two techniques of meditation: Chi and Kundalini meditation.

Author: Goshvarpour A, Goshvarpour A.
Conference/Journal: Cogn Neurodyn.
Date published: 2013 Feb
Other: Volume ID: 7 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 39-46 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1007/s11571-012-9215-z. , Word Count: 160

The human heartbeat is one of the important examples of complex physiologic fluctuations. For the first time in this study higher order spectra of heart rate signals during meditation have explored. Specifically, the aim of this study was to analysis and compares the contribution of quadratic phase coupling of human heart rate variability during two forms of meditation: (1) Chinese Chi (or Qigong) meditation and (2) Kundalini Yoga meditation. For this purpose, Bispectrum was estimated by using biased, parametric and the direct (FFT) method. The results show that the mean Bispectrum magnitude of heart rate signals increased during Kundalini Yoga meditation, but it decreased significantly during Chi meditation. However, in both meditation techniques phase-coupled harmonics are shifted to the higher frequencies during meditation. In addition, it has shown that not only there are significant differences between rest and meditation states, but also heart rate patterns appear to be influenced by different types of meditation.
Bispectrum estimation, Heart rate variability, Meditation

PMID: 24427189