Author: Yu JS, Zeng BY, Hsieh CL.
Department of Chinese Medicine, Chi Mei Medical Center, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC; Department of Cosmetic Science and Institute of Cosmetic Science, College of Pharmacy and Science, Chia Nan University of Pharmacy & Science, Tainan, Taiwan, ROC.
Conference/Journal: Int Rev Neurobiol.
Date published: 2013
Other: Volume ID: 111 , Pages: 125-40 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/B978-0-12-411545-3.00006-7 , Word Count: 148
Acupuncture has been used to treat different conditions for at least 3000 years in China and has gained increasing acceptance worldwide. The acupuncture needle inserted into the muscle layer at the acupoint produces the so-called obtaining qi sensation that causes the excitation of A-δ and C-fibers of the muscle tissue, resulting in afferent signals. The afferent signals pass through the dorsal horn cells of the spinal cord ascending to the brain, such as the hypothalamus, enhancing the release of neuropeptides and hormones, and these afferent signals in the spinal segment may innervate the visceral organ, inducing effect on visceral function. Here, we reviewed the effect of acupuncture stimulation on neuropeptides and hormones, including β-endorphin, serotonin, oxytocin, adrenocorticotropic hormone, gonadotropin-releasing hormone, corticotrophin-releasing hormone, cholecystokinin, and acetylcholine, as well as insulin sensitivity, immunomodulation (anti-inflammation), and autonomic nerve activity.
© 2013 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Acupuncture, Adrenal gland, Hypothalamus, Neuroendocrine, Pituitary