Effects of Wu Qin xi Qigong exercise on physical functioning in elderly people with knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial

Author: Chunmei Xiao1, Yongchang Zhuang2, Yong Kang3
Author Information:
1 Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Beijing Institute of Graphic Communication, Beijing, China.
2 Department of Wushu, Beijing Sport University, Beijing, China.
3 Department of Health Promotion and Physical Education, Beijing University of Chemical Technology, Beijing, China.
Conference/Journal: Geriatr Gerontol Int
Date published: 2020 Sep 4
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/ggi.14007. , Word Count: 252


Aim:
Exercise therapy is a key intervention in the management of knee osteoarthritis (OA). This study aimed to test the 6-month effectiveness of Wu Qin Xi Qigong (WQXQ) exercise versus a conventional physical therapy (control group [CG]) on physical functioning in patients with early knee OA.

Methods:
This study was a 6-month follow-up from a randomized controlled trial. Participants with knee OA were randomly allocated to the WQXQ or CG. Data from the Berg Balance Scale, Timed Up and Go Test, 6-Minute Walk Test, 30-Second Chair Stand Test, the Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index, knee extension strength and knee flexion strength were collected before and after the 6-month intervention.

Results:
Both treatment groups demonstrated large (20%-50%) and clinically relevant reductions in activity limitations, pain and knee instability, which were sustained at 6 months post-treatment. No differences in effectiveness between experimental and control treatment were found on Timed Up and Go Test, 6-Minute Walk Test, knee extension strength and knee flexion strength except for a higher Berg Balance Scale score (P = 0.029) and lower Western Ontario and McMaster Universities Osteoarthritis Index pain score (P = 0.031) in the WQXQ group.

Conclusions:
Both WQXQ and conventional physical therapy exercise programs were highly effective in reducing activity limitations and pain, and promoting balance and muscle power. WQXQ was found to be more effective in promoting balance and reducing pain than conventional physical therapy exercise in patients with knee OA. Geriatr Gerontol Int 2020; ••: ••-••.

Keywords: Wu Qin xi qigong; balance; knee osteoarthritis; pain; physical functioning.

PMID: 32886828 DOI: 10.1111/ggi.14007

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