Author: Beijer A, Rosenberger A, Weber T, Zange J, May F, Schoenau E, Mester J, Bloch W, Rittweger J.
Affiliation: German Aerospace Center, Institute of Aerospace Medicine and Space Physiology, 51147 Cologne, Germany.
Conference/Journal: J Musculoskelet Neuronal Interact.
Date published: 2013 Jun
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 147-156 , Word Count: 198
Objectives: A training intervention comparing resistance exercise with or without whole-body vibration (WBV) was conducted to compare acute and chronic effects on functional and molecular parameters. Methods: A six-week training intervention was performed including 26 healthy males (26 years, SD=4). Two groups were analyzed in a parallel design performing either resistive exercise (RE, n=13) or resistive vibration exercise (RVE, n=13) training with weekly increasing vibration frequencies (20-40Hz). Resting and exercising blood pressure and heart rate were measured before and after the 6-week intervention. Results: Both training interventions decreased resting systolic blood pressure (P=0.003). Resting diastolic blood pressure was significantly decreased only in the RVE group (P=0.01). Exercising diastolic blood pressure was significantly decreased during the final training (P<0.001) with no additional effect of superimposed vibrations. Resistance exercise with superimposed vibrations evoked back pain to a higher degree than resistance exercise alone when training at frequencies above 30Hz (P<0.01). Conclusions: These data suggest positive effects of resistance exercise upon cardiovascular health and vascular responsiveness and a further beneficial effect of superimposed vibrations in decreasing resting diastolic blood pressure. Finally, development of back pain may be fostered by superimposed vibrations to high training loads, particularly at higher frequencies.