Author: Zhou J, He H, Yang L, Chen S, Guo H, Xia L, Liu H, Qin Y, Liu C, Wei X, Zhou Y, He C.
Affiliation: Rehabilitation Key Laboratory of Sichuan Province, Department of Rehabilitation, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chengdu, Sichuan, People's Republic of China.
Conference/Journal: Arch Med Res.
Date published: 2012 Jun 12
Other: Word Count: 255
BACKGROUND AND AIMS:
The therapeutic effects of pulsed electromagnetic fields (PEMFs) on osteoporosis have been documented. However, the precise mechanisms by which PEMFs elicit these favorable biological responses are still not fully understood. This study aimed to systematically investigate the effects of PEMFs on bone mass and Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway in ovariectomized rats.
Thirty 3-month-old female Sprague Dawley rats were randomly assigned to one of three groups: sham-operated control (sham), ovariectomy (OVX), and ovariectomy with PEMF treatment (PEMFs). One week following ovariectomy surgery, rats in the PEMFs group were exposed to PEMFs for 40 min/day, 5 days/week, for 12 weeks.
After 12-week interventions, serum 17β-estradiol and bone-specific alkaline phosphatase levels increased in the PEMFs group. Bone mineral density of the femur and the fifth lumbar vertebral body also increased in the PEMFs group. Histomorphometrical studies showed that PEMFs improved trabecular area, trabecular width, and trabecular number by 77.50, 17.38 and 51.06%, respectively, and reduced trabecular separation by 44.28% compared with the OVX group. Biomechanical studies showed that PEMFs increased maximum load and energy to failure in the fifth lumbar vertebral body. Quantitative real-time RT-PCR analysis showed that PEMFs increased the mRNA expressions of Wnt3a, low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein 5(LRP5), β-catenin, c-myc and runt-related gene 2 (Runx2), and reduced dickkopf1 (DKK1) in ovariectomized rats. However, mRNA expression of Axin2 was not affected by PEMFs.
PEMFs can prevent ovariectomy-induced bone loss and deterioration of bone microarchitecture and strength, at least partly, through activation of Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway.
Copyright © 2012 IMSS. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.