Author: Liu Jiaguo
Affiliation: Bengbu Medical College 
Conference/Journal: 2nd Int Conf on Qigong
Date published: 1989
Other: Pages: 256 , Word Count: 602
'The six-character formula' is a skill of ' the means of yang qigong (a system of deep breathing exercises) and to develop strength and agility ', which was taught by Mr. Ma Li-tang himself ,an eighty -six-year old famous qigong specialist. It has a good effect on getting rid of diseases and keeping healthy and strong and prolonging life. Ma Li-tang's 'yang qigong' had been taught bu an old man named Puzhao, a successful candidate in the highest imperial court exam in the year of Guang Xu of Qing Dynasty. It IS MAINLY characterized by an integral treatment of the human body, universally applicable to various kinds of diseases, simple and easy to learn, suitable both the old and the young , safe and reliable with notable effect. It is restricted by time or place and is liked by the broad public. It has a good effect on heart disease hypertension or hypertension, diabetes, arthritis, verginal diseases and diseases in liver, bladder, stomach, lungs and kidneys, neurasthenia, osteoporosis and eye diseases. In order to meet the needs of people who are fond of 'qigong' and of the patients, a nanging chart of Jington of Six Character Formula for Treating Diseases and Keeping Strong and Healthy has been drawn up for reference.
It is considered by the traditional Chinese medicine that the changes of five elements' motion and six kinds of natural factors of the nature affect human physiology and health. The human body is affected by cold ,heat, dryness, wetness of the four seasons and mutual generation and restraint between five elements. For example, people are apt to be ill with liver diseases in spring because of abnormal rising of liver-energy. People are apt to be ill with respiratory diseases in autumn because of deficiency of lung-energy. So people should pay attention to do physical training according to the seasons.
Our solid and hollow organs are also related to the coordination of restraint and generation between five elements. So the training program should be in accordance with the order of generation of the five elements. But we should still do breathing exercise according to asthenia and asthenia of the individuals and with the main points of mutual generation of restraint between five elementa. The internal movement of the solid and hollow organs and the motion of Jingluo (main and collateral channels, regarded as a network of passages, through which vital energy circulates and along which the acupuncture points are distributed.) are affected by the various functional efforts inside and outside the human body .While we are exhaling with different degrees of lip- rounding we make the lip, tongue, teeth and throat from different shapes and positions, thus producing different internal efforts of chest and abdomen, which affect various organs. Our forefathers have summarized from a long period of practice that the different degrees of lip rounding of six characters-xu, ke, hu, si, chui, zi, separately affect the liver, the heart, the spleen, lungs, kidneys and triple warmer. While exhaling ,we conduct the circulation of qi and zue with our idea and action to acquire the effect of treating diseases and prolonging life.
In a word, the Six-Character Formulas using six different degrees of lib-rounding, according to the theory of mutual generation and restraint between five elementa, adaptable to the changes of four seasons, guided by respiration, action and ideas, to attain the goal of relaxing muscles, dredging jingluo, harmonizing qi andzue, keeping ying and yang in equilibrium and healing diseases and prolonging life. The following is the respective description of the functions of different degrees of lip-rounding on treating various kinds of diseases.