The management of chronic tinnitus--comparison of a cognitive-behavioural group training with yoga

Author: Kroner-Herwig B//Hebing G//van Rijn-Kalkmann U//Frenzel A////
Affiliation: Heinrich-Heine-University, Duesseldorf, Germany
Conference/Journal: J Psychosom Res
Date published: 1995
Other: Volume ID: 39 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 153-65 , Special Notes: Clinical Trial Randomized Controlled Trial , Word Count: 138

Two non-medical treatment strategies for chronic idiopathic tinnitus were evaluated in a randomized control group design. A cognitive-behavioural tinnitus coping training (TCT) was developed and compared to yoga and a self-monitoring control condition. Forty-three chronic tinnitus patients, were assessed at baseline, directly after therapy, and at 3 months follow-up. For evaluation, differential psychoacoustic variables were registered, a tinnitus diary as well as the Tinnitus Questionnaire and different measures of general well-being were used. Statistical analyses showed effects favouring the TCT treatment in comparison to the control and yoga treatment. The TCT-treated patients reported more satisfaction with the training than the yoga group. Participants in the self-monitoring control group were treated either by TCT or yoga after a waiting period. The outcome in this group was even better than in the experimental groups while yoga again showed rather poor effects.