The Effect of Reiki and Aromatherapy on Vital Signs, Oxygen Saturation, and Anxiety Level in Patients Undergoing Upper Gastrointestinal Endoscopy: A Randomized Controlled Study

Author: Esra Keşer1, Sevgin Samancıoğlu Bağlama, Cem Sezer
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Department of Medical Services and Techniques, Vocational School of Health Services, Korkut Ata University, Osmaniye, Turkey (Dr Keşer); Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Mugla Sitki Kocman University, Mugla, Turkey (Dr Bağlama); and Endoscopy Unit, Department of Surgery, Adana Cukurova State Hospital, Adana, Turkey (Dr Sezer).
Conference/Journal: Holist Nurs Pract
Date published: 2023 Nov-Dec
Other: Volume ID: 37 , Issue ID: 6 , Pages: 337-346 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000611. , Word Count: 194

This randomized controlled study aimed to determine the effect of Reiki and aromatherapy on vital signs, oxygen saturation, and anxiety level in patients undergoing upper gastrointestinal endoscopy. The sample consisted of 100 patients divided into Reiki (n = 34), aromatherapy (n = 33), and control (n = 33) groups. Data were collected 3 times (before, during, and after the procedure) using a descriptive characteristics questionnaire, a follow-up form, and the State Anxiety Subscale. The Reiki group had a mean State Anxiety Subscale score of 53.59 ± 2.98 and 43.94 ± 4.31 before and after the procedure, respectively. The aromatherapy group had a mean State Anxiety Subscale score of 54.03 ± 4.03 and 43.85 ± 3.91 before and after the procedure, respectively. The control group had a mean State Anxiety Subscale score of 38.79 ± 4.68 and 53.30 ± 7.26 before and after the procedure, respectively (P < .05). The results showed that the Reiki and aromatherapy groups had significantly lower State Anxiety Subscale scores than the control group after the procedure, indicating that Reiki and aromatherapy help reduce anxiety levels. There was a significant difference in the mean respiratory rates and oxygen saturation levels between the groups (P < .05). In conclusion, patients who do Reiki or undergo aromatherapy are less likely to experience anxiety before upper gastrointestinal endoscopy.

PMID: 37851350 DOI: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000611