Public exposure to broadband electromagnetic fields and its association with population density and building density: The case study of Beijing

Author: Xinwei Song1, Mengqi Han1, Yijie Chen1, Yuntao Yue1
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> School of Electrical and Information Engineering, Beijing University of Civil Engineering and Architecture, Zhanlanguan Road 1, 100044, Beijing, China.
Conference/Journal: Heliyon
Date published: 2023 Jun 20
Other: Volume ID: 9 , Issue ID: 6 , Pages: e17153 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e17153. , Word Count: 270

The gradual increase in electromagnetic field (EMF) exposure levels poses a potential threat to human health and the normal operation of electronic systems. In order to know the environmental EMF conditions, measurements were carried out on roads of about 400 km in the urban area of Beijing, China. The measurement results show that the electric field strength of about 89% of the sampling points is within 3 V/m, and the electric field strength of other sampling points is relatively high. Combined with further spectrum analysis, it was found that the electric field strength of one road section exceeded the national standard limits. In addition, to help quickly identify the general condition of the environmental EMF, a set of procedures for mining the association rules between the electric field strength and population density and building density is proposed in this paper. The final association rules show that the electric field strength is usually lower than 1.5 V/m in areas with medium or lower population density and areas with low building density; the electric field strength in areas with extremely high population density and areas with high building density is usually 1.5-4 V/m; while the electric field strength higher than 4 V/m mainly occurs in areas with extremely high population density. It is recommended to focus on strengthening the monitoring of EMF in areas with extremely high population density, and at the same time continuously pay attention to the trend of the urban EMF levels, so as to achieve early warning and treatment of relevant risks.

Keywords: Association rule; Building density; Electromagnetic field; Population density; Risk.

PMID: 37416650 PMCID: PMC10320032 DOI: 10.1016/j.heliyon.2023.e17153