Embodying Consciousness through Interoception and a Balanced Time Perspective

Author: Olga Klamut1, Simon Weissenberger2
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Department of Psychiatry, First Faculty of Medicine, Charles University, 12000 Prague, Czech Republic. <sup>2</sup> Department of Psychology, University of New York in Prague, 12000 Prague, Czech Republic.
Conference/Journal: Brain Sci
Date published: 2023 Mar 31
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Issue ID: 4 , Pages: 592 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/brainsci13040592. , Word Count: 217

This review presents current research and scientific knowledge in body mind sciences through the lens of interoception, as a representative of the body; and time perspective, as the representative of the mind. This intertwining dichotomy has been a subject of discourse in many fields, all having the common denominator of consciousness. Our aim is to expand on the congruities of these seemingly deconstructed worlds-of science and philosophy, of the body and the mind, to show that the place of consciousness lies in the zone between these two. Being aware of the body in the present moment. We introduce interoception and time perspective, focusing on how interoceptive signals are depicted in autonomic nervous system (ANS) regulation, and how this relates to the concept of a balanced time perspective (BTP), a highly adaptive psychological characteristic. Time perspective and interoception are also reviewed in the case of clinical conditions. We assess findings on interoceptive pathways in the body, finding convergence with balanced time perspective through the neuroanatomical lens. We conclude with findings that both dysregulated interoceptive states and a time perspective disbalance are recognized as defining features of mental disorders, proposing prospective practical therapeutic approaches, as well as implications for further research in the field.

Keywords: balanced time perspective; consciousness; homeostasis; interoception; resilience; self; self-regulation.

PMID: 37190557 PMCID: PMC10136905 DOI: 10.3390/brainsci13040592