Evaluation of the Impacts of Reiki Touch Therapy on Patients Diagnosed With Fibromyalgia Who Are Followed in the Pain Clinic

Author: Hava Gökdere Çinar1, Şule Alpar, Seher Ilhan
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Bursa Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey (Dr Gökdere Çinar); Department of Nursing, Faculty of Health Sciences, Marmara University, İstanbul, Turkey (Dr Alpar); and Algology Department, Pamukkale University Faculty of Medicine Hospital, Denizli, Turkey (Dr Ilhan).
Conference/Journal: Holist Nurs Pract
Date published: 2023 May-Jun
Other: Volume ID: 37 , Issue ID: 3 , Pages: 161-171 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000497. , Word Count: 209

The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of Reiki application on pain, anxiety, and quality of life in patients with fibromyalgia. The study was completed with a total of 50 patients: 25 in the experimental group and 25 in the control group. Reiki was applied to the experimental group and sham Reiki to the control group once a week for 4 weeks. Data were collected from the participants using the Information Form, Visual Analog Scale, McGill-Melzack Pain Questionnaire, State-Trait Anxiety Inventory, and Short Form-36. There was a significant difference between the mean Visual Analog Scale pain scores during and before the first week (P = .012), second week (P = .002), and fourth week (P = .020) measurements of the individuals in the experimental and control groups, after application. In addition, at the end of the 4-week period, the State Anxiety Inventory (P = .005) and the Trait Anxiety Inventory (P = .003) were significantly decreased in the Reiki group compared with the control group. Physical function (P = .000), energy (P = .009), mental health (P = .018), and pain (P = .029) subdimension scores of quality of life in the Reiki group increased significantly compared with the control group. Reiki application to patients with fibromyalgia may have positive effects on reducing pain, improving quality of life, and reducing state and trait anxiety levels.

PMID: 37070840 DOI: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000497