Author: Liying Wen1, Xingyu Chen1, Yuanyuan Cui1, Miao Zhang1, Xinghua Bai2,3
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China. <sup>2</sup> Department of Radiation Oncology, The First Hospital of China Medical University, Shenyang, People's Republic of China. firstname.lastname@example.org. <sup>3</sup> , Shenyang, China. email@example.com.
Conference/Journal: Support Care Cancer
Date published: 2022 Dec 23
Other: Volume ID: 31 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 79 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1007/s00520-022-07548-8. , Word Count: 302
To evaluate the effects of traditional Chinese Baduanjin Qigong exercises on the physical and psychological recovery of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma after chemoradiotherapy.
Eighty-eight nasopharyngeal carcinoma patients who had completed chemoradiotherapy were randomly divided into the Baduanjin intervention group (n = 44) and the control group (n = 44). Patients in the intervention group practised Baduanjin exercise for 12 weeks, with the frequency of 40 min a day and 5 days a week after discharge from the hospital. Participants in the control group received usual care. Outcome indicators included quality of life (QOL), complications, cancer-related fatigue (CRF), sleep quality, anxiety, and depression. The intention-to-treat and per-protocol populations were compared using univariate analysis of variance. Partial eta squared was used as a measure of the effect size.
A total of 75 patients completed the study. In the intention-to-treat analysis, after 12 weeks of exercise intervention, there were significant increases in the global FACT-H&N (95% CI = 2.09 to 11.47, ηp2 = 0.088), social/family well-being (95% CI = 0.13 to 2.26, ηp2 = 0.055), emotional well-being (95% CI = 0.34 to 2.44, ηp2 = 0.074), and head and neck cancer subscale scores (95% CI = 0.17 to 3.86, ηp2 = 0.052) in the Baduanjin group compared with the control group at the 12th week. In the per-protocol analysis, there were significant increases in the global FACT-H&N (95% CI = 4.11 to 11.75, ηp2 = 0.190), physical well-being (95% CI: 0.50 to 3.04, ηp2 = 0.096), social/family well-being (95% CI: 0.32 to 2.15, ηp2 = 0.090), emotional well-being (95% CI: 0.60 to 2.53, ηp2 = 0.125), functional well-being (95% CI: 0.25 to 2.49, ηp2 = 0.075), and head and neck cancer subscale (95% CI: 1.08 to 4.08, ηp2 = 0.139) scores in the Baduanjin group compared with the control group at the 12th week.
The findings in this study indicate that Baduanjin exercise is an effective and appropriate intervention for improving quality of life and is worthy of recommendation and implementation by oncology nurses in the rehabilitation process of patients with nasopharyngeal carcinoma.
Keywords: Baduanjin; Cancer-related fatigue; Complications; Nasopharyngeal carcinoma; Quality of life.
PMID: 36562869 DOI: 10.1007/s00520-022-07548-8