Biological Effects of Electric, Magnetic, and Electromagnetic Fields from 0 to 100 MHz on Fauna and Flora: Workshop Report

Author: Blanka Pophof1, Bernd Henschenmacher1, Daniel R Kattnig2, Jens Kuhne1, Alain Vian3, Gunde Ziegelberger1
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Competence Centre for Electromagnetic Fields, Department of Effects and Risks of Ionizing and Non-Ionizing Radiation, Federal Office for Radiation Protection, 85764 OberschleiƟheim, Germany. <sup>2</sup> Department of Physics and Living Systems Institute, University of Exeter, Stocker Road, Exeter, EX4 4QD, United Kingdom. <sup>3</sup> Univ Angers, Institut Agro, INRAE, IRHS, SFR QUASAV, F-49000 Angers, France.
Conference/Journal: Health Phys
Date published: 2023 Jan 1
Other: Volume ID: 124 , Issue ID: 1 , Pages: 39-52 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/HP.0000000000001624. , Word Count: 149

This report summarizes effects of anthropogenic electric, magnetic, and electromagnetic fields in the frequency range from 0 to 100 MHz on flora and fauna, as presented at an international workshop held on 5-7 November in 2019 in Munich, Germany. Such fields may originate from overhead powerlines, earth or sea cables, and from wireless charging systems. Animals and plants react differentially to anthropogenic fields; the mechanisms underlying these responses are still researched actively. Radical pairs and magnetite are discussed mechanisms of magnetoreception in insects, birds, and mammals. Moreover, several insects as well as marine species possess specialized electroreceptors, and behavioral reactions to anthropogenic fields have been reported. Plants react to experimental modifications of their magnetic environment by growth changes. Strong adverse effects of anthropogenic fields have not been described, but knowledge gaps were identified; further studies, aiming at the identification of the interaction mechanisms and the ecological consequences, are recommended.

PMID: 36480584 DOI: 10.1097/HP.0000000000001624