Mindfulness-Based Interventions for Surgical Patients and Impact on Postoperative Outcomes, Patient Wellbeing, and Satisfaction

Author: Genna Hymowitz1, Farah Hasan1, Gowri Yerramalli1, Cynthia Cervoni1
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> 12301Stony Brook University, Stony Brook, NY, USA.
Conference/Journal: Am Surg
Date published: 2022 Aug 8
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/00031348221117025. , Word Count: 179

Several psychosocial factors can impact surgical outcomes and overall patient wellbeing following surgery. Although advances in surgical interventions and pain management protocols can reduce surgical trauma and enhance recovery from surgery, additional intervention is warranted to optimize surgical outcomes and patient quality of life (QoL) in the short- and long-term. Research on mindfulness techniques suggests that mindfulness-based interventions (MBI) effectively promote health behaviors, reduce pain, and improve psychological wellbeing and QoL. Thus, there has been an increase in research evaluating the use of MBIs to improve postoperative outcomes and wellbeing in surgical patients. The authors provide a brief overview of psychosocial outcomes of surgery and MBIs and review the literature on the impact of MBIs on postoperative outcomes. The extant literature indicates that MBIs are feasible and acceptable for use in surgical patient populations and provides preliminary evidence of the benefits of mindfulness across a range of surgical patient populations. However, more research is needed to assess the long-term efficacy of MBIs delivered online and in-person across the perioperative continuum.

Keywords: mindfulness; psychosocial outcomes; quality of life.

PMID: 35940585 DOI: 10.1177/00031348221117025