Author: Andressa Crystine da Silva Sobrinho1, Mariana Luciano de Almeida2, Guilherme da Silva Rodrigues1, Larissa Chacon Finzeto3, Vagner Ramon Rodrigues Silva4, Rodrigo Fenner Bernatti5, Carlos Roberto Bueno Junior1,2,3
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> School of Medicine of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Avenida Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirao Preto 14049-900, SP, Brazil. <sup>2</sup> College of Nursing of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Avenida Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirao Preto 14049-900, SP, Brazil. <sup>3</sup> School of Physical Education and Sport of Ribeirao Preto, University of Sao Paulo (USP), Avenida Bandeirantes 3900, Ribeirao Preto 14049-900, SP, Brazil. <sup>4</sup> School of Applied Sciences, University of Campinas (UNICAMP), Rua Pedro Zaccaria 1300, Limeira 13484-350, SP, Brazil. <sup>5</sup> University of Franca (UNIFRAN), Avenida Dr. Armando de Sáles Oliveira 201, Franca 14404-600, SP, Brazil.
Conference/Journal: Int J Environ Res Public Health
Date published: 2021 Oct 13
Other: Volume ID: 18 , Issue ID: 20 , Pages: 10709 , Special Notes: doi: 10.3390/ijerph182010709. , Word Count: 238
Multicomponent training has considerable adherence among older populations, but there is a lack of literature on the benefits of this training on older people's posture. Literature also lacks stretching protocols that work the body in an integrated/unified way and respect the principle of individuality in exercise training. We evaluated the effect of a multicomponent training protocol combined or not with flexibility training in improving the posture and quality of movement in physically inactive older women, according to a score lower than 9.11 in the Modified Baecke Questionnaire for the Elderly (MBQE).
142 participants were evaluated and randomized in three training groups: multicomponent training (MT = 52), multicomponent and flexibility training (MFT = 43), and a control group (CG = 47). We evaluated joint amplitude using goniometry, flexibility with sit and reach and hands behind the back tests, quality of movement with the functional movement screen, and posture using biophotogammetry.
The MFT group had 15 parameters-flexibility and posture-with a very large effect size (ES > 1.30) and nine with average ES (0.50-0.79). MT presented two variables with large ES (0.80-1.25) and seven with average ES. CG presented three variables with high ES and five with average ES. Both interventions improved the quality of movement.
These results demonstrate that 14 weeks of multicomponent and flexibility training in a group intervention can improve flexibility and posture levels in physically inactive older women.
Keywords: aging; biodynamic response; body balance; physical activity; postural stability.
PMID: 34682455 PMCID: PMC8536106 DOI: 10.3390/ijerph182010709