Targeting immune dysfunction in aging

Author: Simone Borgoni1, Ksenia S Kudryashova2, Ksenia Burka2, João Pedro de Magalhães3
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Centaura AG, Bleicherweg 10, Zurich, 8002, Switzerland; Institute of Experimental Immunology, University of Zurich, 8057, Zurich, Switzerland. Electronic address: <sup>2</sup> Centaura AG, Bleicherweg 10, Zurich, 8002, Switzerland. <sup>3</sup> Centaura AG, Bleicherweg 10, Zurich, 8002, Switzerland; Integrative Genomics of Ageing Group, Institute of Ageing and Chronic Disease, University of Liverpool, Liverpool, L7 8TX, UK.
Conference/Journal: Ageing Res Rev
Date published: 2021 Jul 16
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1016/j.arr.2021.101410. , Word Count: 272

Human aging is a multifactorial phenomenon that affects numerous organ systems and cellular processes, with the immune system being one of the most dysregulated. Immunosenescence, the gradual deterioration of the immune system, and inflammaging, a chronic inflammatory state that persists in the elderly, are among the plethora of immune changes that occur during aging. Almost all populations of immune cells change with age in terms of numbers and/or activity. These alterations are in general highly detrimental, resulting in an increased susceptibility to infections, reduced healing abilities, and altered homeostasis that promote the emergence of age-associated diseases such as cancer, diabetes, and other diseases associated with inflammation. Thanks to recent developments, several strategies have been proposed to target central immunological processes or specific immune subpopulations affected by aging. These therapeutic approaches could soon be applied in the clinic to slow down or even reverse specific age-induced immune changes in order to rejuvenate the immune system and prevent or reduce the impact of various diseases. Due to its systemic nature and interconnection with all the other systems in the body, the immune system is an attractive target for aging intervention because relatively targeted modifications to a small set of cells have the potential to improve the health of multiple organ systems.. Therefore, anti-aging immune targeting therapies could represent a potent approach for improving healthspan. Here, we review aging changes in the major components of the immune system, we summarize the current immune-targeting therapeutic approaches in the context of aging and discuss the future directions in the field of immune rejuvenation.

Keywords: anti-aging; geroscience; healthy longevity; immune system; immunosenescence; inflammation.

PMID: 34280555 DOI: 10.1016/j.arr.2021.101410