Home-Based Reiki by Informal Caregivers: A Mixed-Methods Pilot Study

Author: Yea-Jyh Chen1, Amy Petrinec, Pamela S Stephenson, Rosanne M Radziewicz, Denice Sheehan
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> School of Nursing, College of Health and Human Services, University of North Carolina Wilmington, Wilmington, North Carolina (Dr Chen); College of Nursing, Kent State University, Kent, Ohio (Drs Petrinec, Stephenson, and Sheehan); and MetroHealth Medical Center, Cleveland, Ohio (Ms Radziewicz).
Conference/Journal: Holist Nurs Pract
Date published: 2021 May 20
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000450. , Word Count: 210

This pilot study explored whether Reiki delivered by family caregivers to cancer patients in a home setting was feasible in reducing cancer symptoms and enhancing health-related outcomes. An explanatory sequential mixed-methods study design was applied using pre-/post-Reiki questionnaires and post-Reiki interviews. Six patient-caregiver dyads from an outpatient clinic and cancer support facilities in northeast America performed daily Reiki at home for 3 weeks. Differences with symptoms, mental well-being, health-related quality of life, and satisfaction with at-home Reiki as well as qualitative content analyses were evaluated. Positive feedback was reported after at-home Reiki practice. Large statistical effects were identified for improving fatigue, memory, mood, nausea, and emotional well-being (P < .10, r = 0.51-0.59). All participants were satisfied and 83.3% of them would recommend self-practice home Reiki. High involvement and adherence to the intervention protocol illustrated intervention fidelity. The qualitative data revealed 2 major categories, perceived benefits and barriers. Overall Reiki benefits outweighed barriers in relation to time commitment and place distractions/positioning. Our preliminary findings support that the at-home Reiki protocol had potential benefits and was feasible and acceptable by both community-dwelling patients and their family caregivers in promoting cancer-related outcomes. Further studies with larger samples are warranted to examine the effectiveness of home-based Reiki for a patient-centered cancer care modality.

PMID: 34029232 DOI: 10.1097/HNP.0000000000000450