Association Between Mobile Phone Radiation Exposure and the Secretion of Melatonin and Cortisol, Two Markers of the Circadian System: A Review

Author: Brahim Selmaoui1,2, Yvan Touitou3
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup> Department of Experimental Toxicology, Institut National de l&#39;Environnement Industriel et des Risques (INERIS), Verneuil-en-Halatte, France. <sup>2</sup> PériTox Laboratory, UMR-I 01 INERIS, Picardie Jules Verne University, Amiens, France. <sup>3</sup> Fondation Ophtalmologique A. de Rothschild, Unité de Chronobiologie, Paris, France.
Conference/Journal: Bioelectromagnetics
Date published: 2020 Nov 25
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1002/bem.22310. , Word Count: 214

The extremely important use of mobile phones in the world, at all ages of life, including children and adolescents, leads to significant exposure of these populations to electromagnetic waves of radiofrequency. The question, therefore, arises as to whether exposure to these radiofrequencies (RFs) could lead to deleterious effects on the body's biological systems and health. In the current article, we review the effects, in laboratory animals and humans, of exposure to RF on two hormones considered as endocrine markers: melatonin, a neurohormone produced by the pineal gland and cortisol, a glucocorticosteroid synthesized by the adrenal glands. These two hormones are also considered as markers of the circadian system. The literature search was performed using PubMed, Medline, Web of Sciences (ISI Web of Knowledge), Google Scholar, and EMF Portal. From this review on RF effects on cortisol and melatonin, it appears that scientific papers in the literature are conflicting, showing effects, no effects, or inconclusive data. This implies the need for additional research on higher numbers of subjects and with protocols perfectly controlled with follow-up studies to better determine whether the chronic effect of RF on the biological functioning and health of users exists (or not). Bioelectromagnetics. © 2020 Bioelectromagnetics Society.

Keywords: EMF-RF; cellular phones; corticosterone; cortisol; melatonin; misalignment; mobile phones; radiofrequency; rhythm desynchronization.

PMID: 33238059 DOI: 10.1002/bem.22310