The Application of One-Hour Static Qigong Program to Decrease Needle Pain of Korean Adolescents With Type 1 Diabetes: A Randomized Crossover Design.

Author: Kim E1, Lee JE1, Sohn M1
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup>1 Department of Pediatrics, Inha University Hospital, Inha University College of Medicine, Incheon, South Korea.
Conference/Journal: J Evid Based Complementary Altern Med.
Date published: 2017 Jan 1
Other: Volume ID: 2156587217722473 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1177/2156587217722473. [Epub ahead of print] , Word Count: 158

The aim of this study was to describe application of a static Qigong program to decrease needle pain in Korean adolescents with type 1 diabetes and its pilot test results. The pilot study was a randomized crossover design including 26 adolescents randomized to Qigong or rest group. Participants received a 60-minute Qigong program consisted of warm up, deep breathing, imaginary, and a closing warm up. After 24-hour washout period, treatment assignments were switched. We collected before and after intervention using a self-administered questionnaire, which included the faces pain scale to assess expected and perceived pain during blood sugar testing and insulin injection and the Positive and Negative Affect Schedule. Only expected pain on insulin injection was significantly lower after intervention ( P = .025). The results suggested that the devised static Qigong program was feasible intervention to decrease at least expected pain on insulin injection of adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

KEYWORDS: needle pain; negative affect; positive affect; qigong; type 1 diabetes mellitus

PMID: 28776413 DOI: 10.1177/2156587217722473