Analysis of muscle activation in each body segment in response to the stimulation intensity of whole-body vibration.

Author: Lee DY1
Affiliation: 1 Department of Silver Industrial Engineering, Kangnam University, Republic of Korea.
Conference/Journal: J Phys Ther Sci.
Date published: 2017 Feb
Other: Volume ID: 29 , Issue ID: 2 , Pages: 270-273 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1589/jpts.29.270. Epub 2017 Feb 24. , Word Count: 235

[Purpose] The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of a whole-body vibration exercise, as well as to discuss the scientific basis to establish optimal intensity by analyzing differences between muscle activations in each body part, according to the stimulation intensity of the whole-body vibration. [Subjects and Methods] The study subjects included 10 healthy men in their 20s without orthopedic disease. Representative muscles from the subjects' primary body segments were selected while the subjects were in upright positions on exercise machines; electromyography electrodes were attached to the selected muscles. Following that, the muscle activities of each part were measured at different intensities. No vibration, 50/80 in volume, and 10/25/40 Hz were mixed and applied when the subjects were on the whole-vibration exercise machines in upright positions. After that, electromyographic signals were collected and analyzed with the root mean square of muscular activation. [Results] As a result of the analysis, it was found that the muscle activation effects had statistically meaningful differences according to changes in exercise intensity in all 8 muscles. When the no-vibration status was standardized and analyzed as 1, the muscle effect became lower at higher frequencies, but became higher at larger volumes. [Conclusion] In conclusion, it was shown that the whole-body vibration stimulation promoted muscle activation across the entire body part, and the exercise effects in each muscle varied depending on the exercise intensities.

KEYWORDS: Electromyography; Muscle activation; Whole-body vibration

PMID: 28265155 PMCID: PMC5332986 DOI: 10.1589/jpts.29.270