Author: Zhao K1,2, Bai ZG3, Bo A4, Chi I5
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup>Evidence-based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. <sup>2</sup>The Second Clinic School, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. <sup>3</sup>Evidence-based Medicine Center, School of Basic Medical Sciences, Lanzhou University, Lanzhou, China. email@example.com. <sup>4</sup>Silver School of Social Work, New York University, NY, USA. <sup>5</sup>School of Social Work, University of Southern California, LA, CA, USA.
Conference/Journal: Int J Geriatr Psychiatry.
Date published: 2016 Nov
Other: Volume ID: 31 , Issue ID: 11 , Pages: 1188-1198 , Special Notes: doi: 10.1002/gps.4494. Epub 2016 Apr 19. , Word Count: 132
OBJECTIVES: To determine the efficacy of music therapy in the management of depression in the elderly.
METHOD: We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials. Change in depressive symptoms was measured with various scales. Standardized mean differences were calculated for each therapy-control contrast.
RESULTS: A comprehensive search yielded 2,692 citations; 19 articles met inclusion criteria. Meta-analysis suggests that music therapy plus standard treatment has statistical significance in reducing depressive symptoms among older adults (standardized mean differences = 1.02; 95% CI = 0.87, 1.17).
CONCLUSIONS: This systematic review and meta-analysis suggests that music therapy has an effect on reducing depressive symptoms to some extent. However, high-quality trials evaluating the effects of music therapy on depression are required. Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
Copyright © 2016 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
KEYWORDS: late-life depression; meta-analysis; music therapy
PMID: 27094452 DOI: 10.1002/gps.4494