Multiple Chronic Conditions and Use of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Among US Adults: Results From the 2012 National Health Interview Survey.

Author: Falci L1, Shi Z2, Greenlee H3
Affiliation: <sup>1</sup>722 W. 168th St, 7th Floor, New York, NY 10032. Email: <sup>2</sup>Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, New York, New York. <sup>3</sup>Department of Epidemiology, Mailman School of Public Health, Columbia University, and Herbert Irving Comprehensive Cancer Center, Columbia University Medical Center, New York, New York.
Conference/Journal: Prev Chronic Dis.
Date published: 2016 May 5
Other: Volume ID: 13 , Pages: E61 , Special Notes: doi: 10.5888/pcd13.150501. , Word Count: 204

INTRODUCTION: More than 25% of American adults report having 2 or more chronic conditions. People with chronic conditions often use complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) for self-care and disease management, despite a limited evidence base.

METHODS: Data from the 2012 National Health Interview Survey (NHIS) (n = 33,557) were analyzed to assess associations between presence of multiple chronic conditions (n = 13) and CAM use, using multivariable relative risk and linear regressions weighted for complex NHIS sampling. CAM use was defined as self-reported use of one or more of 16 therapies in the previous 12 months.

RESULTS: Chronic conditions were common. US adults reported one (22.3%) or 2 or more (33.8%) conditions. Many used at least one form of CAM. Multivitamins, multiminerals, or both (52.7%); vitamins (34.8%); and minerals (28.4%) were the most common. Compared with adults with no conditions, adults with 2 or more conditions were more likely to use multivitamins or multiminerals or both, vitamins, minerals, nonvitamins or herbs, mind-body therapies, chiropractic or osteopathic manipulation, massage, movement therapies, special diets, acupuncture, naturopathy, or some combination of these therapies (P <.003).

CONCLUSION: People with multiple chronic conditions have a high prevalence of CAM use. Longitudinal studies are needed to understand the association between CAM use and chronic disease prevention and treatment.

PMID: 27149072 [PubMed - in process] Free full text