Author: Ye J1, Yuen K.
Affiliation: 1aDepartment of Rehabilitation Assessment, Rehabilitation Hospital, Fujian University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, China bMargaret Tang & Associates Physiotherapy and Sports Injury Centre, Hong Kong, China, email:; phone (852) 9813 7843.
Conference/Journal: J Strength Cond Res.
Date published: 2014 Apr 7
Other: Word Count: 240

The purpose of this study was to explore the immediate effects of different frequencies of whole body vibration (WBV) on the performance of trunk muscles of healthy young adults. A group of 30 healthy subjects (15 men; 15 women; age, 26.8±3.74 years; body mass index, 21.9 ±1.802) participated in the study. Each subject received three sessions of vibration exercise with different exercise parameters with frequencies of 25Hz, 40Hz and sham-stimulation in a random order on different days. Before and after each WBV exercise session, subjects were assessed for trunk muscle strength/endurance tests, and trunk proprioception tests. There was a significant increase in trunk extensor strength (p < 0.05) after low frequency (25Hz) WBV exercise but high frequency (40Hz) vibration exercise has resulted in a significant decrease in trunk extensor endurance (p< 0.05). Statistical gender difference (p=0.04) was found for trunk extensor endurance with lower WBV training. No change was noted in the trunk proprioception with different frequencies of WBV. In conclusions, the immediate response of the body to WBV was different for low and high frequencies. Low frequency vibration enhanced trunk extensor strength but high frequency vibration would decrease endurance of the trunk extensor muscles. Males are more sensitive than females in trunk extensor endurance for lower frequency WBV exposure. These results indicated that short-term WBV with low frequency was effective to improve trunk extensor strength in healthy adults, and that could be helpful for relevance activities of trunk extensor performing and preventing sport injury.
PMID: 24714536