The influence of whole body vibration on the central and peripheral cardiovascular system.

Author: Robbins D, Yoganathan P, Goss-Sampson M.
Affiliation: Centre for Sports Science and Human Performance, University of Greenwich, Chatham, UK.
Conference/Journal: Clin Physiol Funct Imaging.
Date published: 2013 Nov 17
Other: Special Notes: doi: 10.1111/cpf.12103 , Word Count: 234

The purpose of this study was to investigate the physiological changes of the cardiovascular system in response to whole body vibration during quiet standing and identify whether there is a greater influence on the central or peripheral cardiovascular system. Twenty healthy participants (12 male and 8 female) were assessed over two separate testing sessions for changes in peripheral skin temperature, peripheral venous function, blood flow velocity in the dorsalis pedis artery, blood pressure and heart rate during quiet standing with 40 Hz 1·9 mm synchronous vibration. Vibration exposure totalled 5 min in 1 min increments with 5 min recovery during each testing session. There were no significant changes in heart rate, blood pressure or peripheral skin temperature. Significant results were obtained for blood flow velocity with increases from 0·5 + 0·2 cm·s-1 at baseline to 1 + 0·2 cm·s-1 during vibration, returning to baseline levels during the recovery period. Due to the absence of changes in heart rate, blood pressure or lower leg and foot temperature, the change in blood flow velocity can be attributed to changes in peripheral vascular function. The results suggest a high level of sensitivity of the peripheral vascular system to vibration exposure; therefore, further studies should be completed to ascertain the physiological mechanisms underlying the effects of vibration on the peripheral vascular system.
© 2013 Scandinavian Society of Clinical Physiology and Nuclear Medicine. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
blood flow velocity, blood pressure, heart rate, skin temperature, venous function

PMID: 24237890