Author: Yamamoto Mikio 1//Hirasawa Masahiko 1//Kawano Kimiko 23//Yasuda Nakhira 1//Furukawa Akira 1
Affiliation: National Institute of Radiological Sciences, Chiba, Japan [1[//Nippon Medical School, Tokyo, Japan 
Conference/Journal: 6th Int Sym on Qigong
Date published: 1996
Other: Pages: 114-117 , Word Count: 495
There exist some phenomenon which suggest extrasensory information transfer. For example some Japanese qigong masters can perform a tohate that makes his pupil opponent step back rapidly without being touched. Since a tohate will be performed by a pair of well-trained members, each fixing his eyes upon the opponent, the tohate may depend on the master's suggestion. However, a paper implies that effects of qigong may not depend on suggestion. The purpose of the experiment is to verify whether or not a tohate depends on a master's suggestion only.
The master's acting time and his pupil's response time were each recorded with a clock. When the master performed the tohate for his pupil, with the master and pupil separately positioned in two rooms, one on the 2nd floor, and one on the 5th floor, of a sense-shielded building. Tohates were performed 3 times in 3 min at intervals of 20 sec and more. One trial consisted of the 3 performances over the period of 3 min. A total 16 trials, therefore 48 tohates, were conducted.
3. Result and Discussion
Fig. l illustrates a frequency distribution of time differences until 10 sec between the master's acting time and his pupil's response time of 48 tohates performed in 16 trials. The time differences between the master's acting time and the pupil's response time were one sec and less in 6 times (one time in each of 6 trials).
The probability of the time difference falling not more than one sec, at least once, among the 3 tohate performances in one trial is approximately 0.11. The probability that the event described above would accidentally occur in 6 trials and over, among the 16 trials is approximately 0.0058. This calculation implies that all tohates do not depend on the master's suggestion and unknown transmission of tohate acting, since the above result of tohate performances is significant for approximate synchronous timing between both performances of some tohates.
(Illustrations and captions follow)
Fig. 2 shows a pair of examples of time series of amplitude topographs of both persons' alpha waves (8-13 Hz) when the time difference was approximately one sec in the tohate performances.
The time interval was 0.5 sec. Each position of wholly blackened topographs caused by mixing of musculus-evoked potentials into the a waves, corresponds to the clock time for acting or for response of two related persons, when their musculus tensions appeared at a tohate action or a response which cause the pupil to jump.
Fig. 3 shows an averaged amplitude topograph of alpha waves of EEG of the master of qigong at rest. Amplitudes are as low as a few, 2 V, and there exists an area of higher amplitudes at the center of frontal region. It is known that a wave amplitudes at the center of the frontal region increase particularly when a subject is concentrating.
Fig.2 Time series of amplitude topographs of a waves of EEG's The upper for master, the lower for pupil, each corresponding topograph has the same time; Time from left to right, and top to bottom array with interval of 0 5 sec.